pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters

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Small Diameter Miniature Pencil Heaters


Small Diameter Miniature Cartridge Heaters

Small Diameter Pencil/Cartridge Heaters–Description

Split-Sheath Design

Uniform Heating

Lengths From Inch to 6 Inches

1/8" and 4mm Diameters

Unique Hot Tip


Patented high-temperature design provides these advantages:

  • When energized, the patented split-sheath expands into contact with surrounding bore for maximum heat transfer, fast response.
  • When de-energized, the split-sheath contracts for easy, slide-out removal. Sunrods are guaranteed never to sieze in the bore.
  • Uninterruped hot zone and fully heated tip provides unmatched heat distribution without cold spots. (See upper photo).
  • Slender continuous leads simplify wire management. High flexibility allows free motion when heating "floating" components.
  • The result is a miniature cartridge heater offering longer life, uniform temperatures, and easy installation in the smallest devices.

NPH’s 1/8 inch Cartridge Heater with Swaged-In Leads-Simplifies Wiring

NPH’s 1/8" Cartridge Heater with Swaged-In Leads-Simplifies Wiring


Extending Miniature Heater Life:


Designing cartridge heaters with reduced watt-density multiplies service life.


The industry-standard warrantee for electric cartridge heaters is 2000 hours, or one year on single shift. This is a reasonable life expectancy for many applications. But some applications demand much more. Life expectancies of five, seven or even ten years are not unreasonable for some mission-critical applications:


*Blood warmers used in medical theaters must never fail

*Battery conditioners for EVA spacesuits on the International Space Station must last ten years before replacement, due to payload costs

*Here on earth, high throughput semiconductor chip testers must operate without significant downtime for the 5 year life of the equipment. For these applications, a service life of 50,000 to 90,000 hours is a requirement that is both reasonable and attainable.


How can it be done?

For every heater power loading (See "Calculating Watt-Density”, at bottom) there is a maximum operating temperature that will guarantee 2000 hours life. This is the "Critical Temperature” for that power loading. (See chart below).

 

Power Chart – System Temperature versus Maximum Watt-Density

 

Critical Temperature (F): 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

Maximum Watt-Density : 365 345 310 275 245 225 170 150 130

Go above the Critical Temperature by 100 degrees and life will be cut to a third, to 666 hours. But go below it by 100 degrees and heater life will be tripled, to 6000 hours! We can use this relationship to determine the watt-density at a given system temperature that will yield thousands of hours of extra life.


For Example…

Let’s suppose that your system requires a processing temperature of 500 degrees F with an input power of 80 watts. A 1/8” by 1” cartridge heater could provide the necessary wattage, and would have a power density of 270 watts-per-square-inch. As can be seen from the power chart, a heater with a power loading up to 275 watts per square inch would be acceptable. Heater life would be a respectable 2000 hours.


Processing Temperature 500 F

But what happens if we use a utilize a 1 ” heater, just a ” longer? The heater’s power loading is lowered to 210 watts-per-square-inch. The Critical Temperature is raised by 200 degrees. The heater is now operating 200 degrees below the new Critical Temperature and heater life is increased to 18000 hours (2000 hours x 3 to the 2nd)!


Processing Temperature 500 F Critical Temperature

Maximum Watt-Density Lowered Watt-Density


How Do You Reduce Watt-Density?

Your heater watt density may not have to be reduced. Many miniature heating applications

inherently require relatively little wattage, due to their small mass. This often results in a

minimal power loading on a 1/8” miniature heater. In these cases, miniature cartridge heaters are often under-loaded by 200 to 400 degrees, relative to the Critical Temperature. Their 2000 hour life expectancy* may be multiplied up to 81 times!


Increasing Surface Area to Reduce Watt-Density

1. Maximize your heater length. Increasing the length of a 1” heater to 1 ” (just a ”) can increase the active area* by 33%, reducing power loading by 25%.

2. Consider using more heaters. Two heaters dividing the load will reduce watt-density by 50%.

3. Take advantage of any available space to install a supplemental heater. Adding a ” long

heater to an existing 1” heater can reduce power loading by 25%.


Calculating Watt-Density

Watt-density is the power loading of the heater, expressed in watts-per-square-inch of active heater surface.


The formula for active heater surface is: (Heater Length – Cold End Length) x Diameter x Pi. For a 1/8” diameter by 1” long heater it is: (1.00 - 0.25) x .38, or .285 square inches.


The formula for watt-density is: Wattage / Active Heater Surface For 1/8” diameter by 1” heater at 80 watts, this is: 80 watts / .285 in sq or 270 watts/sq inch.


Small Diameter, Miniature Cartridge Heaters Selection Guide

The key questions which need to be answered before selecting a cartridge heater for your application are:


*How much wattage is required?

*What voltage will be used?

*What is the heated length? What is the overall length?

*How long are the heater leads or what is the lead length required?

*What is the dimentions of the cartridge heater?

*What is the ambient temperature the cartridge heater will see?

*What is the maximum temperature required from the heater?

*How quickly do you want to reach your operating temperature or set point in hour/minutes?

*What is the type and weight (in lbs.) of the material you want to heat?

*Special Modifications







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Our industrial electric cartridge heaters including metric and imperial heaters...

Consists of the following cartridge/insertion heater categories:

pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Standard imperial and metric round cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Medium watt density cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  High watt density cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Split sheath cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Square cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Small diameter/miniature pencil heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Bolt cartridge heaters
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Custom cartridge/insertion heaters

Applications for the above include:

pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Cartridge Heaters for-Extrusion Dies, Liquid Immersion
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Metric Heaters for-Plastic Molds and Injection Molding
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Insertion Heaters for-Plastics Extrusion
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Custom Cartridge Heaters for-Packaging Machinery, Labeling and Sealing
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Square and Round Cartridge Heaters for-Hot Plates and Platens, Hot Stamping
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Cartridge Heaters for-Hot Runner Molds, Various Types of Dies
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Insertion Heaters for- Medical Equipment and Other Industrial Applications

The square cartridge heater configuration simplifies wiring and installation while optimizing performance in a wide range of solid, liquid, and gas heating applications. Tooling applications are particularly well served by the square cartridge heater approach. Typical square cartridge heating applications include platens, molds, sealing bars, sealing plates and dies. Versatile slot style mounting simplifies installation in small tooling components such as bushings and nozzles and is particularly useful when leads must exit at a specific location on the component surface.

Some applications demand much longer heater life, that is where miniature small diameter pencil/cartridge heaters have immense application value. Life expectancies of five, seven or even ten years are not unreasonable for some mission-critical applications:


pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Blood warmers used in medical theaters must never fail
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Battery conditioners for EVA spacesuits on the International Space Station must last ten years      before replacement, due to payload costs
pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters  Here on earth, high throughput semiconductor chip testers must operate without significant      downtime for the 5 year life of the equipment. For these applications, a service life of 50,000 to      90,000 hours is a requirement that is both reasonable and attainable.

Some common issues with most standard cartridge heaters are as follows:

Heater removal: a cartridge heater will oxidize after many hours of operation and maybe difficult to remove. Consider drilling a through hole so the heater can be hammered out or choose a split sheath cartridge heater.

Lubricants: like graphite or silicone facilitate the insertion of the cartridge heater but can carbonize at higher temperature and then the heater will be really stuck.

The NPH split sheath cartridge heateris designed especially for platen, die or mold industrial heating applications where the holes are poorly drilled or worn through age. Independent expansion of each section of the split sheath cartridge heater when energized, creates intimate contact with the wall of the hole.

Through the patented split-sheath design and highly specialized manufacturing techniques, NPH split sheath insertion heaters reduce your total cost of process heating by an average of 40% over other heaters.

NPH’s split sheath cartridge heaters use a unique, patented split-sheath design that expand when energized to maximize heat transfer through greater contact with the wall of the bore. Better heat transfermeans less power is consumed to maintain the set point temperature, reducing operating costs.

Bolt cartridge heaters are used to tighten large bolts that secure heavy machinery and equipment. The shaft of the heater is inserted into the hollow bolt and energized to expand it, which allows further tightening of the nut. Manufactured with a high watt density, they heat up in just a few minutes, resulting in cost savings on reduced man hours removing nuts from bolts and studs. Large bolts can be heated to full expansion in just a few minutes. This heater design is manufactured with specific diameter sheaths to fit industry standard hollow bolts. High watt densities with special heated lengths distribute heat evenly to surrounding bolt.



pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters pencil heaters, small diameter cartridge heaters, miniature cartridge heaters, miniature heaters

Telephone: 905-859-8225        Facsimile: 905-859-4691

sales@nphheaters.com

Toll Free: 1-877-674-9744